The Lombardy ESF ROP mid-term evaluation aims at identifying the results and impacts of the programme and hence at verifying its effectiveness and the efficiency. The evaluation has required a relevant methodological work, including synthesis and analysis of results and the design and application of advanced evaluation methodologies. Desk analysis of administrative documentation, definition of questionnaires, surveys to people and counterfactual evaluation of impact of Dowry (training voucher) have been carried out. The employment and empowerment impacts of an individual voucher, which finances a mix of training and other employment services, was assessed through a counterfactual econometric analysis. An integrated database, building on administrative data and data from a specific survey, has been used in the econometric exercise. The evaluation also requires quality assurance and control of the coherence of reports prepared by the partners.